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Ruby Body at War

Minamata disease
Minamata is a disease that effects the nervous system and creates muscle weakness and distortion. It is caused by mercury poisoning, and was first discovered in Japan, when a company called Chisso released methomercury into the wastewater. The mercury then accumulated in the fish and shellfish that the people ate, resulting in mercury entering the body in unhealthy amounts.
In extreme cases, minamata can result in insanity and death, but the mercury poisoning went on for at least another 20 years since the first case, killing dogs, cats and fish along with the people. Finally, the chemical company Chisso stopped dumping mercury into the water, but it took a while to slow the minamata disease, as it was still in people's bodies. Fishermen and patients were given some compensation from Chisso, but still many people and animals died.

Good research here Ruby.
Be sure to also include your sources.

Three Classifications
Neurological disorder: disorders in the nervous system. It can effect the surrounding areas such as muscles and blood vessels.

Congenital dis order: A disorder that develops at or before birth.

Pathogenic disease: when micro-organisms or microbes (germs) infect their animal or plant host and cause disease.



Case Study

Influenza
Though the initial symptoms are that of a common cold, (fever, headache, sore throat, coughing, weakness and runny nose) influenza, or flu, produces muscle pain and weakness, and can lead to stomach problems such as nausea and vomiting. Influenza is caused by a different, more severe virus than that of a 'cold'. Flu is transmitted through the air, like a cold, by coughs or sneezes. The worst most recent outbreak of influenza was the 'swine flu', or H1N1, which was deadly in some cases.
Symptoms:
Fever and chills
Runny, blocked or uncomfortable nose
Aching muscles, joints and bones
Coughing
Headache
Watery eyes
Possibly stomach and gastric problems


Random Influenza Story

The doctor looked up from his notes on his previous patient and out the bright, sunny window, such a contrast to his reasonably shadowed, bleak consultation room. After blinking rapidly to restore his flabbergasted vision, he made out a woman hobbling along on the other side of the road. The woman had one hand raised for balance, occasionally rubbing it to her head. The other was claimed by a young boy who was holding it like a lifeline, with both hands, almost being dragged along, moving with small, shuffling feet. In one of the boy’s small hands was clutched a bundle of tissues, in which he would sometimes raise to his face, letting go of his mother’s arm for a brief few seconds. He noticed that despite it was a warm day, the woman had a long coat on and the boy a jumper. The doctor hoped the woman would cross the road and enter his clinic, because she and her son (he presumed) looked sickly.
In case they did enter his clinic, he began observing them more closely, trying to diagnose them simply by the way they walked and what they did. As he watched, the woman and the boy became parallel to the clinic, and gave a sudden start as though she realised that she was already at her destination. She raised her outstretched arm to her face and shielded her vision. So did the boy. She looked right. The boy looked left. They waited for a moment as a car went past, and the doctor realised they swayed slightly in the feeble breeze the car produced as it whipped past. The doctor came to a conclusion of what sickness they probably had.
They staggered across the road, and the doctor saw the woman’s mouth move in a way that looked like she was telling the boy “don’tdothatifimnotaround”. As they approached the door to the reception and passed the doctor’s window, he lowered his head so as not to seem like a creep, watching people. He smiled to himself as he wondered if he should tell them of his observations, and if he should give them his “pre diagnose diagnosis”. There was a tinkling of the bell as the door was opened and the doctor herd his receptionist telling them they can go in.
The doctor heard shuffling feet, the creaking of his door, then looked up to see the woman and the boy enter his room. He smiled and greeted them. The boy sniffled and the woman managed a grimace and a hello. They both looked terribly tired, with darkness around their eyes and sunken features. The doctor decided to spare them as from having to talk. “Well it looks like you both have influenza, or possibly a bad cold. You both need lots of rest, lots of sleep and warmth. I would advise you not to eat food that is difficult to digest, things like soup, toast and noodles should be good. Try to stay away from too many people in case you make them sick. Now, two questions for you. Have you had any stomach problems or muscle aches?”
Throughout all this, the woman stared at a point over his shoulder, and the boy crawled all over her lap and searched her pockets for tissues. The woman nodded, and said “Yes, my boy has had bad stomach problems and we both have aching muscles and bones.”
“Well then, sorry to say, but you both have contracted the flu. How long have you felt ill?”
“Rex got something through day care I think and started getting sick about four days ago. I fell sick a little after that because I was looking after him,” said the woman, vaguely mopping her son’s runny nose as he settled on her lap and closed his bloodshot eyes.
“Alright,” Said the doctor, not taking notes, as he had a good memory. “I think you two need a lot of rest, do you need a medical form excusing Rex or you from anything? Work, day care?”
The woman said no, they should be okay.
“Then just try and rest as much as possible, lots of sleep, soup and tissues. I’ll give you some medication for Rex’s runny nose that should help his sleep, and feel free to take painkillers for your headache and muscle pain. Rex may also need something for his stomach.” The woman nodded. “If anything gets worse, come back and I may have to prescribe you more things. Also it would be best to notify Rex’s day care centre that he has the flu, in case something really nasty and viral goes around. Okay, not meaning any offence, I hope we won’t have to see each other or Rex again. Thank you, goodbye.”
“Thanks…” Said the woman, picking up Rex with one hand and opening the door with her other. The doctor attempted to get up and help her, but was momentarily stuck behind his desk, and the wheel of his chair had caught in something, possibly the rug. When he managed to get out, the woman was striding purposely down the street past his window, full of hope and the comfort of what was in the small plastic bag she held on her wrist. He rushed out of the room, and grinned back at his puzzled receptionist as he flew out the door.
“HEY EXCUSE ME…” The doctor paused… He hadn’t actually asked the woman’s name… A voice inside his head said “Bad Doctor!” in the voice of an old woman scolding a silly puppy.
The woman turned.
“Um do you live close? Because you both are sick and shouldn’t be walking around…”
“No… We were just going to (ACHOO!) c-catch the bus.”
The doctor smiled ruefully. “Take a cab, do you have money?” He asked, looking at the woman’s poor attire and tiredness. People with influenza generally didn’t bring valuables with them, and forgot things easily.
“No” The woman replied, after checking her pockets. The doctor kindly handed her a ten dollar note and hailed a cab. “Pay me back next time, but hopefully there won’t be a next time,” He said with a smile. She said thanks and helped Rex into the taxi, then followed. The doctor waved then went back inside. His receptionist said “You are one weird doctor…”
Funny, he was thinking the same thing.

Ruby, you have an EXCELLENT and creative writing style!
FANTASTIC!
Well done :-)

You can add all your homework to your wiki page (eg. the Malaria One World homework),
Off to a great start here.
Mrs S



Scientist
Problem trying to solve
Discovery- how
Implications on society
Florey
Serious bacterial infections were causing swelling and death
He read Alexander Fleming’s paper about the antibacterial properties of the penicillium notatum, so he took the anti-bacterial property out and injected it into people.
Less people (mainly children) died from infectious diseases.
Jenner
Many people were contracting and dying from Smallpox
He found that people who had had cowpox were not affected to smallpox. He was not the first to find this, but it became widely understood after his work. To test his hypothesis, he got the pus of cowpox scabs, and gave cowpox to an 8 year old boy… He then showed immunity to smallpox.

Pasteur



Koch



Fleming



References
Aiss (2012a)
Howard Walter Florey
Aiss science wiki

Aiss (2012b)



Aiss (2012c)



Aiss (2012d)



Aiss (2012e)



Aiss (2012f)